This disease has taken on frightening proportions and taken millions of people to doctors’ offices. But why are indexes increasing so rapidly in such a large amount? What is inducing people to feel depressed?
The reasons that lead a person to become depressed may vary. Contrary to popular belief, psychological and social factors are often the consequence and not the cause of depression. It is worth emphasizing that stress and lifestyle can influence the development of the disease and potentiate pictures in people who already have a predisposition to it.
This psychiatric disorder affects people of any age – although it is more frequent among women – and requires evaluation and treatment with a professional. Endless dismay is the result of imbalances in brain biochemistry, such as a decrease in the supply of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, linked to the sense of well-being.
When the person can no longer feel pleasure or joy for life, it is important to seek specialized help. And in that sense the responsibility of doctors is big because they will be the only ones able to evaluate each person’s personal history before prescribing a medication or indicating a treatment. The recommendation of health agencies is that the patient should seek correct information, visit more than one professional before accepting a diagnosis of such a serious disease.
There is a big deal of concern on the part of researchers in this regard for the way the disease is being diagnosed by physicians. Research shows that, on average, 50% of people who reach the health care network with symptoms of depression do not receive correct diagnosis and treatment.
In the latest report of the World Health Organization (WHO), depression ranks fourth among the leading causes of burden of all diseases, and the outlook is even bleaker. If the incidence of the disease persists, by 2020 it will be second one only losing in numbers for ischemic heart disease.
Article: Patwant Kaur
Photo: Camila Muradas